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13. Hiring/Renting (Ijārah)

The term ‘ijārah’ and its derivatives are translated in different ways in English depending on the context. For example, when ‘ijārah’ is used in the context of a property transaction, it is usually translated as ‘renting’ or ‘leasing’ and the parties involved are termed ‘landlord’ and ‘tenant’ or ‘lessor’ and ‘lessee’. But when ‘ijārah’ is used for the services of people, it is usually translated as ‘hiring’ and the two parties are termed ‘hirer’ and ‘hiree’ or ‘hired’.

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  • Ruling 2183

    A person who gives something on rent (muʾjir) and a person who takes something on rent (mustaʾjir) must be of the age of legal responsibility (bāligh) and sane (ʿāqil). They must also enter into the rental agreement of …

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  • Ruling 2184

    A person may be an agent (wakīl) for another party to give property on rent for him or to rent property for him.

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  • Ruling 2185

    If the guardian (walī) or custodian of a child gives the child’s property on rent or hires the child [as a worker] to another person, there is no problem. And if the hire agreement includes a period wherein …

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  • Ruling 2186

    It is not allowed to give on hire a minor (ṣaghīr) who does not have a guardian without authorisation from a jurist (mujtahid).3 As for someone who does not have access to a jurist, he can obtain authorisation …

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  • Ruling 2187

    It is not necessary for the lessor and the lessee to say a particular formula (ṣīghah) [in order for a rental agreement to be valid (ṣaḥīḥ), nor does it have to be] in Arabic; rather, if the owner …

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  • Ruling 2188

    If a person wishes to be hired for a particular task without saying a formula, the hire agreement is valid the moment he engages himself in that task.

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  • Ruling 2189

    If a person who is unable to speak conveys by sign that he has given some property on rent or he has rented some property, the rental agreement is valid.

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  • Ruling 2190

    If a person leases a house, shop, or anything else and the owner stipulates a condition that only he can make use of it, the lessee cannot sublet it to anyone else to use unless the new rental …

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  • Ruling 2191

    If a person who is hired to do something (ajīr) stipulates a condition that he will only work for the person who has hired him, he cannot be hired to someone else except in the way mentioned in …

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  • Ruling 2192

    If a person rents something other than a house, shop, or ship – for example, he rents some land – and the owner does not stipulate a condition that only he must use it, then, if he gives …

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