The World Federation Islamic Laws
  Search
Menu

13. Hiring/Renting (Ijārah)

The term ‘ijārah’ and its derivatives are translated in different ways in English depending on the context. For example, when ‘ijārah’ is used in the context of a property transaction, it is usually translated as ‘renting’ or ‘leasing’ and the parties involved are termed ‘landlord’ and ‘tenant’ or ‘lessor’ and ‘lessee’. But when ‘ijārah’ is used for the services of people, it is usually translated as ‘hiring’ and the two parties are termed ‘hirer’ and ‘hiree’ or ‘hired’.

+ Read more
  • Ruling 2203

    The property by which the lessee pays rent must be known. Therefore, if the property is something that is transacted by weight, such as wheat, then its weight must be known. If it is something that is transacted …

    + Read more
  • Ruling 2204

    If a person gives some land on rent for farming and sets its rent to be the produce of the very same land, or of another land, but the produce is non-existent at the moment, the rental agreement …

    + Read more
  • Ruling 2205

    A person who has given something on rent cannot claim the rental payment before handing over the rented item. Similarly, if a person has been hired to perform a particular task, he cannot claim his fee before performing …

    + Read more
  • Ruling 2206

    Whenever a lessor hands over the leased item, the lessee must pay its rent even if he does not take possession of it [because, for example, he had gone away at that time,] or he does take possession …

    + Read more
  • Ruling 2207

    If a person is hired to perform a task on a particular day and he shows up to perform that task on that day, the person who hired him must pay him even if he chooses not to …

    + Read more
  • Ruling 2208

    If after the end of the rental period it becomes apparent that the rental agreement was invalid, the lessee must pay the owner of the property the standard rate for that property (ujrat al‑mithl). For example, if a …

    + Read more
  • Ruling 2209

    If the rented item is destroyed, the lessee will not be responsible (ḍāmin) for it as long as he was not negligent in safeguarding it nor excessive in using it. Similarly, if, for example, the cloth given to …

    + Read more
  • Ruling 2210

    Whenever a hired person, such as a tailor or craftsman, wants to perform a task with the property of the hirer and he destroys the property that he takes, he is responsible for it.

    + Read more
  • Ruling 2211

    If a butcher slaughters an animal in a manner that renders it unlawful [to consume], he must pay its value to the owner, regardless of whether he has taken a fee for slaughtering it or did it free …

    + Read more
  • Ruling 2212

    If a person hires an animal or a vehicle and specifies how much load he will place on it, in the event that he loads more than that amount and the animal or vehicle perishes or becomes defective, …

    + Read more