The World Federation Islamic Laws
  Search
Menu

36. Charitable Endowment (Waqf )

+ Read more
  • Ruling 2693

    If a person endows some property, it no longer belongs to him. Neither he nor anyone else can gift or sell the item, nor can anyone inherit it. However, in some cases, which are mentioned in Rulings 2104 …

    + Read more
  • Ruling 2694

    It is not necessary for the formula (ṣīghah) of an endowment to be said in Arabic; rather, if a person says [in English], for example, ‘I endow this book to students of the religious sciences’, the endowment is …

    + Read more
  • Ruling 2695

    If a person specifies some property for an endowment but changes his mind or dies before he gives it as an endowment, then an endowment is not realised. The same applies if in a private charitable endowment, the …

    + Read more
  • Ruling 2696

    An endower (wāqif ) of some property must endow it forever from the moment he makes the charitable endowment. Therefore, if, for example, he says, ‘This property is to be a charitable endowment after my death’, it is …

    + Read more
  • Ruling 2697

    A private charitable endowment is valid only if the endowed property (al‐ʿayn al‐mawqūfah) is placed at the disposal of the individuals for whom it has been endowed, or their agent (wakīl) or guardian (walī). It is sufficient if …

    + Read more
  • Ruling 2698

    In the case of public charitable endowments, such as those made to schools, mosques, and suchlike, possession is not a requirement and the endowment is realised merely by making the endowment.

    + Read more
  • Ruling 2699

    An endower must be of the age of legal responsibility (bāligh), sane (ʿāqil), have an intention to make the endowment, and make it of his own volition (ikhtiyār). He must also legally (sharʿan) be able to have disposal …

    + Read more
  • Ruling 2700

    If some property is endowed to a child that is still in the womb of its mother, the validity of it is problematic (maḥall al‐ishkāl)4 and it is necessary to observe precaution (iḥtiyāṭ) here. However, if some property …

    + Read more
  • Ruling 2701

    If a person endows something to himself – for example, he endows a shop to himself so that after his death the income from it would be spent on paying off his debts or to hire someone to …

    + Read more
  • Ruling 2702

    If a person appoints a trustee (mutawallī) for the property that he has endowed, the trustee must act in accordance with the endowment. And if a person does not appoint anyone, in the event that he has endowed …

    + Read more