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31. Found Property

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  • Ruling 2582

    If a person finds some lost property, other than an animal, and the property does not possess any identifying features by which the owner can be known – irrespective of whether or not its value is less than …

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  • Ruling 2583

    If a person finds some property that possesses identifying features by which the owner can be known, then even if he knows that the owner is a disbeliever (kāfir) whose property is inviolable, he must announce it in …

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  • Ruling 2584

    If a person does not wish to make an announcement [about finding some property] himself, he can ask someone else whom he trusts to make the announcement on his behalf.

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  • Ruling 2585

    If a person makes an announcement for one year and the owner of the property is not found, then in case the property was found in a place other than the sacred precinct (ḥaram) of Mecca, he can …

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  • Ruling 2586

    If after a person has made an announcement for one year but the owner is not found and the finder safeguards the property for the owner but it is destroyed nonetheless, in the event that he was not …

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  • Ruling 2587

    If a person who finds some property intentionally (ʿamdan) does not announce it as per the instructions that were mentioned, he will have committed a sin. And in the event that he deems it probable that announcing it …

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  • Ruling 2588

    If an insane person or a child that is not of the age of legal responsibility (bāligh) finds something that possesses identifying features and its value is at least one dirham, then his guardian (walī) can announce it. …

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  • Ruling 2589

    If a person loses hope in finding the owner during the year in which he makes the announcement, he must – with the permission of a fully qualified jurist (al‐ḥākim al‐sharʿī), based on obligatory precaution – give it …

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  • Ruling 2590

    If the item is destroyed during the year in which a person announces [that he has found the property], in the event that he was negligent in safeguarding it or made use of it, he is responsible to …

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  • Ruling 2591

    If a person finds some property that possesses identifying features and it has a value of one dirham or more, and if the place where the property was found is such that were he to announce [that he …

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