The World Federation Islamic Laws
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4- The rules on pilgrimage by proxy (Niyabah)

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  • 121

    If the remuneration for pilgrimage is a fixed sum which proved insufficient for the expenses, it is not obligatory on the principal to meet the shortfall. Likewise, if the remuneration proved in excess, the agent would not be …

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  • 106

    There is no objection to the appointment of an agent for a discerning youth or an insane person. Indeed, an agent must be appointed if the pilgrimage became obligatory on a person of unsound mind during his period …

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  • 122

    If a person is appointed agent to perform an obligatory or an optional pilgrimage but vitiates it by having sex before reaching Mash’ar, it is obligatory on him to complete the pilgrimage, which will be valid insofar as …

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  • 107

    There is no requirement that the principal and agent be homogeneous. The appointment of a male agent for a female principal and vice versa is valid.

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  • 123

    Although according to the agreement, the remuneration becomes the property of the agent, it is not obligatory to make payment to him until he has completed the pilgrimage unless there was express agreement for earlier payment. It is …

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  • 108

    There is no objection to appointing, as agent, a person who has not been to pilgrimage before, irrespective of whether or not the principal had been on pilgrimage before. The gender of the agent or the principal does …

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  • 124

    If a person is appointed agent for pilgrimage, he cannot subcontract it to another person without the consent of the party who appointed him. However, should the hire be in return for a debt, and no date was …

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