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4- The rules on pilgrimage by proxy (Niyabah)

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  • 107

    There is no requirement that the principal and agent be homogeneous. The appointment of a male agent for a female principal and vice versa is valid.

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  • 123

    Although according to the agreement, the remuneration becomes the property of the agent, it is not obligatory to make payment to him until he has completed the pilgrimage unless there was express agreement for earlier payment. It is …

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  • 108

    There is no objection to appointing, as agent, a person who has not been to pilgrimage before, irrespective of whether or not the principal had been on pilgrimage before. The gender of the agent or the principal does …

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  • 124

    If a person is appointed agent for pilgrimage, he cannot subcontract it to another person without the consent of the party who appointed him. However, should the hire be in return for a debt, and no date was …

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  • 109

    It is necessary that the principal must be Muslim. Thus, acting as agent for an infidel is invalid, even if the infidel has died while still enjoying some wealth. If his heir is a Muslim, it is not …

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  • 125

    If a person is appointed an agent to perform Hajj-ut-Tamatu’ in good time but, per chance, the time became short and the agent changed Hajj-ut-Tamatu’ into Hajj-ul-Ifraad, and after completing it performs the Umrat-ul-Mufradah, the obligation of the …

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  • 110

    There is no objection to appointing an agent to perform an optional pilgrimage for a living person, whether gratuitously or for reward. The same goes for an obligatory pilgrimage for a person who is unable to do it …

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  • 126

    If the pilgrimage is optional, there is no objection to the agent performing it on behalf of a number of people. With regard to obligatory pilgrimages, an agent can perform it on behalf of one person only, except …

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  • 111

    It is necessary for the validity of the agency that the intent must be to perform pilgrimage for the principal, who should be known through any means of identification. Although it is not necessary that his name be …

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  • 127

    If the pilgrimage is optional, there is no objection to a number of people becoming agents in one year on behalf of one person, living or dead, gratuitously or for reward. The same rule applies to obligatory pilgrimages, …

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