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Ruling 2669

If a person vows to keep a fast but does not specify when and for how long, in the event that he fasts for one day, it is sufficient. If he vows to perform prayers but does not specify how many prayers or their particulars, in the event that he performs a single two unit (rakʿah) prayer, or the witr prayer,4 it is also sufficient. If he vows to give alms to the poor but does not specify the type of thing he will give or its quantity, in the event that he gives something about which it could be said, ‘He has given alms to the poor’, he will have fulfilled his vow. And if he vows to do something for the sake of Allah, then in case he performs one prayer or fasts for one day or gives something to the poor as alms, he will have fulfilled his vow.

4 This is the one rakʿah prayer that is performed as part of the night prayer. See Ruling 752.