The World Federation One Stop Fiqh

Ruling 2516

A man who divorces his wife must be of the age of legal responsibility (bāligh) and sane (ʿāqil). If a ten-year-old child divorces his wife, then observing precaution (iḥtiyāṭ) in this case must not be abandoned. A man must also divorce his wife of his own volition (ikhtiyār), and if he is compelled to divorce his wife, the divorce is invalid (bāṭil). Furthermore, he must have an intention (qaṣd) to divorce his wife; therefore, if, for example, a person says the divorce formula (ṣīghah) jokingly or while intoxicated, it is not valid.