The World Federation One Stop Fiqh

Ruling 1962

A person cannot pay for the living expenses of those whose expenses are obligatory on him – such as his children – from zakat. However, if he does not pay for their living expenses, then others can give zakat to them. And if he is unable to give obligatory maintenance (nafaqah) for those whom it is obligatory on him to give obligatory maintenance, and if zakat is obligatory on him, he can give their obligatory maintenance from zakat.