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Ruling 1153

Doubts that must be dismissed are as follows:

  1. A doubt about an act for which the time of performance has passed. For example, in rukūʿ one doubts whether he recited Sūrat al-Ḥamd or not;
  2. A doubt that arises after the salām of the prayer;
  3. A doubt that arises after the time of prayers has expired;
  4. A doubt of one who doubts excessively (kathīr al‐shakk);
  5. A doubt held by an imam of congregational prayers about the number of rakʿahs performed when a follower is sure about it; and similarly, a doubt held by a follower when the imam is sure of the number of rakʿahs performed;
  6. A doubt in recommended prayers and in ṣalāt al‐iḥtiyāṭ.

These six types of doubt will now be dealt with in sequence.