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2. Purification (Ṭahārah)

Ḥayḍ is blood that is usually discharged from the uterus of women every month for a few days. A woman in menstruation is called a ‘ḥāʾiḍ’.

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  • Ruling 432

    Most of the time, the blood of ḥayḍ is thick and warm, and its colour is black or red, and it comes out with a little pressure and with a burning sensation.

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  • Ruling 433

    The bleeding that women above the age of sixty experience is not ruled as ḥayḍ; however, a woman can experience ḥayḍ between the age of fifty and sixty, although the recommended precaution is that women who are not Qurayshi …

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  • Ruling 434

    Bleeding that a girl experiences before the age of nine is not ḥayḍ.

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  • Ruling 435

    It is possible for a pregnant woman and for a woman who is breastfeeding to menstruate. The ruling of a pregnant woman and a non-pregnant woman is the same, except that if a pregnant woman experiences bleeding with …

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  • Ruling 436

    If a girl who does not know whether or not she has completed nine years of age experiences bleeding that does not have the attributes of ḥayḍ, it is not ḥayḍ. And if it has the attributes of …

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  • Ruling 437

    If a woman who doubts whether or not she has reached the age of sixty experiences bleeding but does not know whether it is ḥayḍ or not, she must assume that she has not reached the age of sixty. …

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  • Ruling 438

    Ḥayḍ cannot last for less than three days or for more than ten days; if bleeding lasts for even a little less than three days, it is not ḥayḍ.

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  • Ruling 439

    The first three days of ḥayḍ must be continuous; therefore, if, for example, a woman experiences bleeding for two days, and then the bleeding stops for one day, and then she experiences bleeding again for one day, it is …

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  • Ruling 440

    At the beginning of ḥayḍ, it is necessary for the blood to come out. However, it is not necessary for the blood to come out on all three days and it is sufficient if the blood remains inside …

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  • Ruling 441

    It is not necessary for a woman to experience bleeding on the eve of the first and fourth day. However, the bleeding must not stop on the eve of the second and third day. Therefore, if from the …

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