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2. Purification (Ṭahārah)

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  • Ruling 298

    Someone who frequently doubts about the acts of wuḍūʾ and its conditions – such as the water being pure and not being usurped – must not give heed to his doubts.

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  • Ruling 299

    If someone doubts whether his wuḍūʾ has become void or not, he must treat it as still being valid. However, if after urinating one does not perform istibrāʾ and performs wuḍūʾ, and after performing wuḍūʾ some fluid is discharged about which …

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  • Ruling 300

    If a person doubts whether he has performed wuḍūʾ or not, he must [deem that he has not and] perform wuḍūʾ.

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  • Ruling 301

    If someone knows he has performed wuḍūʾ and also knows that he has done something that invalidates wuḍūʾ – for example, he has urinated – but he does not know which one was first [i.e. he does not know whether …

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  • Ruling 302

    If a person becomes certain after or while performing wuḍūʾ that he has not washed or wiped some necessary places, in the event that the moisture on the previous parts has dried up due to the passing of time, …

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  • Ruling 303

    If a person doubts after prayers whether he had performed wuḍūʾ or not, his prayers are valid but he must perform wuḍūʾ for subsequent prayers.

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  • Ruling 304

    If a person doubts during prayers whether or not he had performed wuḍūʾ, then based on obligatory precaution he must perform wuḍūʾ and perform the prayer again.

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  • Ruling 305

    If a person realises after prayers that his wuḍūʾ has become void but doubts whether his wuḍūʾ became void before or after prayers, the prayers performed by him are valid.

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  • Ruling 306

    If a person suffers from an illness that causes urine to be discharged drop by drop [i.e. urinary incontinence], or, if he cannot control faeces from being discharged [i.e. faecal incontinence], in the event that he is certain …

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  • Ruling 307

    If a person finds respite [from the illness mentioned in the previous ruling] to perform wuḍūʾ and only part of the prayer, and during prayers some urine or faeces is discharged once or a few times, the obligatory precaution …

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