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2. Purification (Ṭahārah)

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  • Ruling 235

    In wuḍūʾ, it is obligatory to wash (ghasl) the face and the arms, and to wipe (masḥ) the front part of the head and the upper part of the feet.

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  • Ruling 236

    The length of the face that must be washed is the area from the top of the forehead where the hair grows to the bottom of the chin; and the breadth of the face that must be washed …

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  • Ruling 237

    If someone’s face or hand is smaller or larger than normal, he must observe the amount that people with a normal sized face and hand wash, and he must wash the same amount. And if hair grows on …

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  • Ruling 238

    If a person deems it probable that there is dirt or something else in his eyebrows or in the corners of his eyes or lips which would prevent water from reaching those areas, in the event that his …

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  • Ruling 239

    If the skin of one’s face is visible from in between his facial hair, he must ensure that the water reaches the skin. If it is not visible, then washing his facial hair is sufficient and it is …

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  • Ruling 240

    If a person doubts whether or not the skin of his face is visible from in between his facial hair, then based on obligatory precaution he must wash his facial hair and also ensure that water reaches the …

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  • Ruling 241

    It is not obligatory to wash inside the nose or those parts of the lips and eyes that cannot be seen when they are closed. However, if a person is not certain that everything that must be washed …

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  • Ruling 242

    The direction in which one must wash the arms is from top to bottom [i.e. in a direction towards the fingertips]. The same applies, based on obligatory precaution, to washing the face [i.e. it must be washed in …

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  • Ruling 243

    If a person wets his hand with water and wipes it on his face and arms, in the event that the wetness of his hand is to the extent that by wiping his face and arms the water …

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  • Ruling 244

    After washing the face, one must wash his right arm from the elbow to the tips of the fingers, and he must then proceed to wash his left arm in the same way.

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