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3. Prayer (Ṣalāh)

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  • Ruling 1433

    The imam of congregational prayers must be bāligh, sane (ʿāqil), a Twelver Shia, dutiful (ʿādil), of legitimate birth, and a person who performs prayers correctly. Furthermore, if the follower is a man then the imam must also be …

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  • Ruling 1434

    With regard to an imam who was considered to be dutiful, if a person doubts whether he is still dutiful or not, he can follow him.

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  • Ruling 1435

    A person who performs prayers standing cannot follow someone who performs prayers sitting or lying down. And a person who performs prayers sitting cannot follow someone who performs prayers lying down.

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  • Ruling 1436

    A person who performs prayers sitting can follow someone who performs prayers sitting. However, it is problematic [i.e. based on obligatory precaution, it is not correct] for someone who performs prayers lying down to join congregational prayers, irrespective …

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  • Ruling 1437

    If due to some legitimate excuse an imam of a congregational prayer performs prayers with impure clothes or with tayammum or with jabīrah wuḍūʾ, it is permitted to follow him.

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  • Ruling 1438

    If an imam of a congregational prayer suffers from an illness whereby he cannot control the discharge of urine or faeces [i.e. incontinence], it is permitted to follow him. Furthermore, a woman who is not a mustaḥāḍah is permitted …

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  • Ruling 1439

    It is better that one who suffers from vitiligo or leprosy does not lead congregational prayers. And based on obligatory precaution, someone who has been punished by Islamic penal law and has repented must not be followed.

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