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2. Purification (Ṭahārah)

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  • Ruling 13

    Water is either ‘unmixed’ or ‘mixed’. ‘Mixed’ water is either water obtained from something, such as watermelon juice or rose water; or it is water that has been mixed with something else, such as water that has been …

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  • Ruling 14

    Kurr water is an amount of water that fills a container which has dimensions [i.e. length, breadth, and depth] totalling thirty-six hand spans1 and this is equivalent to approximately 384 litres1 An average span is approximately 22 centimetres. …

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  • Ruling 15

    If an intrinsic impurity (ʿayn al‐najāsah) – such as urine or blood – or something that has become impure (mutanajjis) – such as impure clothing – comes into contact with kurr water, in the event that kurr water …

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  • Ruling 16

    If the smell, colour, or taste of kurr water changes by means of something that is not impure, it does not become impure

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  • Ruling 17

    If an intrinsic impurity like blood comes into contact with water that is more than kurr and changes part of its smell, colour, or taste, in the event that the amount that has not changed is less than …

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  • Ruling 18

    The water of a fountain that is connected to kurr water purifies impure water. However, if it falls on impure water drop by drop, it does not purify it unless something is held over the fountain so that before …

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  • Ruling 19

    If an impure object is washed under a tap that is connected to kurr water, the water that drips from the object is pure (ṭāhir) if it is connected to kurr water and has not acquired the smell, …

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  • Ruling 20

    If some part of kurr water freezes and the remaining water does not amount to kurr, in the event that an impurity comes into contact with it, it becomes impure; and however much of the ice melts is …

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  • Ruling 21

    With regard to water that had been equivalent to kurr, if one doubts (i.e. has a shakk) whether it has become less than kurr or not, it will be treated as kurr water, meaning that it can still …

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  • Ruling 22

    There are two ways to establish that a quantity of water is kurr:One is certain (i.e. he has yaqīn) or confident (i.e. he has iṭmiʾnān) about it;Two dutiful (ʿādil) men report it as so; however, if one dutiful …

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