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34. Vow (Nadhr) and Covenant (ʿAhd)

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  • Ruling 2657

    A vow is when a person makes it obligatory (wājib) on himself for the sake of Allah to perform a good deed or to refrain from doing something that is better not to do.

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  • Ruling 2658

    In a vow, a formula (ṣīghah) must be said. It is not necessary that the formula be said in Arabic; therefore, if a person says [in English, for example], ‘Should such and such sick person get better, it …

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  • Ruling 2659

    A person who makes a vow must be of the age of legal responsibility (bāligh), and sane (ʿāqil). He must also make the vow of his own volition (ikhtiyār) and have the intention (qaṣd) to make it. Therefore, …

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  • Ruling 2660

    With regard to a person who is foolish with finances (safīh) – i.e. someone who spends his wealth in futile tasks – if, for example, he vows to give something to the poor (fuqarāʾ), it is not valid. …

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  • Ruling 2661

    The vow made by a wife without prior permission from or subsequent consent of her husband on a matter that infringes on his conjugal rights is not valid, even if she made the vow before getting married. As …

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  • Ruling 2662

    If a wife makes a vow with the consent of her husband, he cannot annul her vow or prevent her from fulfilling it.

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  • Ruling 2663

    The vow of a son/daughter is not conditional on the consent of the father. However, if the father or mother prohibit the son/daughter from doing the act that he/she has vowed to do and their prohibition is due …

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  • Ruling 2664

    A person can only vow to perform something that is possible for him to perform. Therefore, if a person who, for example, is unable to walk to Karbala vows to do so, his vow is not valid. And …

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  • Ruling 2665

    If a person vows to do something that is unlawful (ḥarām) or disapproved (makrūh), or to refrain from doing something that is obligatory (wājib) or recommended (mustaḥabb), his vow is not valid.

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  • Ruling 2666

    If a person vows to do – or refrain from doing – something that is permissible (mubāḥ), in the event that doing it and refraining from doing it are legally (sharʿan) the same from all aspects, his vow …

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