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10. Buying and Selling

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  • Ruling 2059

    It is befitting for a trader to learn the laws (aḥkām) of buying and selling concerning issues that he commonly encounters. In fact, if he would be at risk of committing an unlawful (ḥarām) act or abandoning an …

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  • Ruling 2060

    If a person does not know whether a transaction (muʿāmalah) he has conducted is valid (ṣaḥīḥ) or invalid due to him not knowing the ruling (masʾalah), he cannot have disposal over what he received in the transaction nor …

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  • Ruling 2061

    If a person does not have any wealth but certain expenses are obligatory on him – such as providing for his wife and children – he must earn his living. As for recommended (mustaḥabb) matters – such as …

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  • Ruling 2062

    Some disapproved transactions are as follows:selling real estate, unless one buys another real estate with the money acquired from the transaction;to be a butcher;selling shrouds (kafans);transactions with people of low character;transactions between the start of the time for …

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  • Ruling 2063

    There are many unlawful transactions; some of them are as follows: buying and selling intoxicating drinks, non-hunting dogs, pigs, and – based on obligatory precaution (al‑iḥtiyāṭ al‑wājib) – impure (najis) carcasses. Apart from these, buying and selling an intrinsic …

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  • Ruling 2064

    There is no problem in selling an item that has become impure but is washable and may become pure (ṭāhir), such as a rug or utensil. The same applies if the item is not washable but the lawful …

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  • Ruling 2065

    If a person wishes to sell something that is impure, he must tell the buyer that it is impure in the event that were he to not tell him, the buyer would be at risk of committing an …

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  • Ruling 2066

    Buying and selling impure consumable and non-consumable medicine is permitted; however, the seller must inform the buyer of it being impure in the case mentioned in the previous ruling.

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  • Ruling 2067

    There is no problem in buying and selling oil that has been imported from non-Muslim countries if one does not know it is impure. As for oil and other things that are acquired after the animal has died, …

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  • Ruling 2068

    If a fox or similar animal is not slaughtered according to Islamic law or it dies by itself, then based on obligatory precaution, buying and selling its skin is not permitted; however, if it is doubtful [as to …

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