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8. Alms Tax (Zakat)

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  • Ruling 1871

    Zakat is obligatory (wājib) on ten things:wheat;barley;dates;raisins;gold;silver;camels;cows;sheep [and goats];business goods, based on obligatory precaution (al‑iḥtiyāṭ al‑wājib).If someone owns one of these ten things, then, given the conditions that will be mentioned below, he must pay the specified amount …

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  • Ruling 1872

    It becomes obligatory on a person to pay zakat on the ten things mentioned above when they reach the taxable limit (niṣāb), which will be mentioned later, and they are his personal property, and he is a free …

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  • Ruling 1873

    If someone owns cows, sheep, camels, gold, or silver for eleven months, then even though zakat becomes obligatory on him at the beginning of the twelfth month, he must consider the next year as beginning after the end …

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  • Ruling 1874

    Zakat being obligatory on gold, silver, and business goods is conditional upon its owner being sane (ʿāqil) and of the age of legal responsibility (bāligh) throughout the year. However, in the case of wheat, barley, dates, raisins, camels, …

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  • Ruling 1875

    Zakat is liable on wheat and barley when they can be called ‘wheat’ and ‘barley’; zakat on raisins is obligatory when they are grapes; and zakat is liable on dates when Arabs call them ‘tamr’ [dry dates]. However, …

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  • Ruling 1876

    For zakat to be liable on wheat, barley, raisins, and dates – as defined in the previous ruling – it is not a requirement that they be at the owner’s disposal. Therefore, if the goods are not with …

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  • Ruling 1877

    If the owner of cows, sheep, camels, gold, and silver is intoxicated or unconscious for part of the year, zakat is not waived for him. The same applies if he is intoxicated or unconscious when zakat on wheat, …

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  • Ruling 1878

    It is a condition for zakat to be liable on things other than wheat, barley, dates, and raisins, that the owner be able to have disposal over them legally and actually. Therefore, if for a significant period during …

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  • Ruling 1879

    If a person borrows gold or silver or any other thing on which it is obligatory to pay zakat and it remains with him for a year, he must pay zakat on it and the lender is not …

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  • Ruling 1880

    Zakat of wheat, barley, dates, and raisins becomes obligatory when their quantity reaches the niṣāb, which is 300 ṣāʿs or approximately 847 kilograms.11 A ṣāʿ is a measure of weight equivalent to approximately 2.823 kilograms.

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