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5. Spiritual Retreat (Iʿtikāf )

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  • Ruling 1719

    Iʿtikāf is one of the recommended (mustaḥabb) ritual acts of worship (ʿibādāt) that becomes obligatory (wājib) by means of a vow (nadhr), covenant (ʿahd), oath (qasam), or suchlike. A valid iʿtikāf is when one stays in a mosque …

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  • Ruling 1720

    There is no particular time for performing iʿtikāf ; rather, whenever it is correct (ṣaḥiḥ) to keep a fast (ṣawm) during the year, performing iʿtikāf at that time is also correct. The best time for performing iʿtikāf is …

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  • Ruling 1721

    The minimum length of time for iʿtikāf is two nights and three days; less than that is not correct. There is no maximum limit. There is no problem in including the first or the fourth night in …

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  • Ruling 1722

    The starting time for iʿtikāf is the time of morning (ṣubḥ) prayers on the first day, and, based on obligatory precaution (al‐iḥtiyāṭ al‐wājib), the finishing time for iʿtikāf is the time of maghrib prayers on the third …

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  • Ruling 1723

    The following are the conditions for a valid iʿtikāf. The muʿtakif must be a Muslim.The muʿtakif must be sane (ʿāqil)Iʿtikāf must be performed with the intention of attaining proximity to Allah.

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  • Ruling 1724

    A muʿtakif must have the intention of attaining proximity to Allah in the same manner that was mentioned with regard to ablution (wuḍūʾ),1 and iʿtikāf must be performed from start to finish with a sincere intention …

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  • Ruling 1725

    iv. The duration of the iʿtikāf must be a minimum of three days. The minimum duration of iʿtikāf is three days; less than three days is incorrect. However, there is no maximum limit, as mentioned in Ruling …

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  • Ruling 1726

    v. A muʿtakif must fast during the days of iʿtikāf. A muʿtakif must fast during the days of iʿtikāf. Therefore, iʿtikāf performed by someone who cannot [legally] fast [during those days] – such as a traveller who does …

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  • Ruling 1727

    While a muʿtakif is fasting – i.e. from the time of ṣubḥ prayers until the time of maghrib prayers – everything that invalidates (i.e. makes bāṭil) a fast also invalidates iʿtikāf. Therefore, a muʿtakif must …

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  • Ruling 1728

    vi. Iʿtikāf must be performed in one of ‘the four mosques’ or in a jāmiʿ mosque. It is correct to perform iʿtikāf in Masjid al-Ḥarām, Masjid al-Nabī (Ṣ), Masjid al-Kūfah, and Masjid al-Baṣrah. Similarly, it is …

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