The World Federation Islamic Laws
  Search
Menu

4. Fasting (Ṣawm)

‘Fasting’ means that one abstains from eight things – which will be mentioned later – from the start of the time of morning (ṣubḥ) prayers1 until the time of maghrib, 2 in humility and obedience to the Lord of the worlds.

1 In the original work, the term ‘morning call to prayer (adhān)’ is used, which practically speaking means the start of the time of the ṣubḥ prayer. The legal definition of ṣubḥ is stated in Ruling 728.

2 For the legal definition of maghrib, see Ruling 722.

+ Read more
  • Ruling 1529

    It is not necessary for one to make an intention in his heart to fast, or to say, for example, ‘I will fast tomorrow’; rather, it is sufficient for one to decide that in humility to the Lord …

    + Read more
  • Ruling 1530

    On every night of the month of Ramadan, one can make the intention to fast the next day.

    + Read more
  • Ruling 1531

    The latest time available for a conscious person to make the intention to keep a fast of Ramadan is at the time of ṣubḥ prayers. This means that, based on obligatory precaution (al‐iḥtiyāṭ al‐wājib), at the time of ṣubḥ his …

    + Read more
  • Ruling 1532

    [With regard to a recommended (mustaḥabb) fast,] if a person has not done anything that invalidates a fast, then at whatever time of the day he makes the intention to keep a recommended fast – even if there …

    + Read more
  • Ruling 1533

    If someone goes to sleep before the time of ṣubḥ prayers in Ramadan – or on any day which he assigned for keeping an obligatory (wājib) fast – without making the intention to fast, and he wakes up before …

    + Read more
  • Ruling 1534

    If someone wants to keep a qaḍāʾ fast or a fast for recompense (kaffārah), he must specify it. For example, he must make the intention that ‘I am keeping a qaḍāʾ fast’, or ‘I am keeping a kaffārah fast.’ However, in …

    + Read more
  • Ruling 1535

    If someone knows that it is the month of Ramadan yet intentionally (ʿamdan) makes the intention to keep a fast other than that of Ramadan, then the fast for which he made the intention will not be valid. …

    + Read more
  • Ruling 1536

    If, for example, someone keeps a fast with the intention of the first day of the month of Ramadan and afterwards he realises that it was the second or third of the month, his fast is valid.

    + Read more
  • Ruling 1537

    If someone who makes the intention before the time of ṣubḥ prayers to fast the next day becomes unconscious, and during the day he regains consciousness, then based on obligatory precaution he must complete the fast of that day; …

    + Read more
  • Ruling 1538

    If someone makes an intention before the time of ṣubḥ prayers to fast the next day, and he becomes intoxicated, and during the day he becomes sober, then based on obligatory precaution he must complete the fast of that …

    + Read more