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Ruling 619

It is recommended that the grave should be four sided, and be raised to the height of four fingers from the ground, and that a sign be kept over it so that it is not mistaken, and that water be splashed over it, and that after splashing water over it those who are present should place their hands on the grave, spread their fingers, press them into the soil, and recite the blessed Sūrat al-Qadr70 seven times, and ask forgiveness for the deceased, and recite this duʿāʾ:

اَللّٰهُمَّ جَافِ الْأَرْضَ عَنْ جَنْـبَـیْهِ (جَنْـبَـيْـهَا)، وَ أَصْعِدْ إِلَیْكَ رُوحَهُ (رُوحَهَا)، وَ لَقِّهِ (لَقِّهَا) مِنْكَ رِضْوَاناً، وَ أَسْكِنْ قَـبْـرَهُ (قَـبْـرَها) مِن رَّحْمَتِكَ مَا تُـغْنِيهِ (تُـغْنِيهَا) بِهِ عَن رَّحْمَةِ مَنْ سِوَاكَ

allāhumma jāfil arḍa ʿan jambayh (jambayhā), wa aṣʿid ilayka ruḥahu (ruḥahā), wa laqqihi (laqqihā) minka riḍwānā, wa askin qabrahu (qabrahā) mir raḥmatika mā tughnīhi (tughnīhā) bihi ʿar raḥmati man siwāk

O Allah! Make the ground spacious for him (her) on both of his (her) sides, and elevate his (her) soul, and direct Your pleasure to him (her), and settle Your mercy in his (her) grave, which will make him (her) needless of the mercy of anyone other than You.

70 Chapter 97 of the Qur’an.