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Ruling 618

It is recommended that the person who places the corpse in the grave should have wuḍūʾ or ghusl, and be bare-headed and bare-footed, and he should climb out of the grave from the feet-side of the corpse. Persons other than the relatives of the deceased should put the soil into the grave with the back of their hands and say:

إِنَّا لِلّٰهِ وَ إِنِّا إِلَیْهِ رَاجِعُونَ

innā lillāhi wa innā ilayhi rājiʿūn

Indeed we belong to Allah, and to Him do we indeed return.69

If the deceased is a woman, someone who is her maḥram should lower her in the grave; and if a maḥram is not present, her other relatives should do this.

69 Al-Baqarah (Chapter 2), verse 156.