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Ruling 53

It is obligatory (wājib) for one to cover his private parts when emptying his bowels and/or bladder, and at other times, from people who are mukallaf5, even if they are his maḥram6, like his mother and sister. Similarly, it is obligatory for one to cover his private parts from an insane person and from a child who is mumayyiz, i.e. someone who is able to discern between right and wrong. However, it is not necessary for a husband and wife to cover their private parts from each other.

5 A mukallaf is someone who is legally obliged to fulfil religious duties.

6 A maḥram is a person whom one is never permitted to marry on account of being related to them in a particular way; for example, by being their parent or sibling.