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Ruling 461

If a woman delays performing prayers and from the start of the time of prayers there elapses a length of time – equivalent to the time it takes to perform one prayer with all its prerequisites, including obtaining clean clothes and performing wuḍūʾ – and if she becomes ḥāʾiḍ thereafter, it is obligatory on her to make up those prayers. In fact, if the time for prayers had set in and she could have performed one prayer with wuḍūʾ, ghusl, or even tayammum but she did not, then she must, based on obligatory precaution, make up those prayers even if there was not sufficient time for all the other prerequisites. However, she must take into account her own situation in terms of performing prayers quickly or slowly and other things. For example, if a woman who is not a traveller [and therefore must perform the four unit (rakʿah) prayers in their complete (tamām) form] does not perform the ẓuhr prayer at the start of its prescribed time, it becomes obligatory on her to make it up only if before she became ḥāʾiḍ, there was time equivalent to performing a four rakʿah prayer with wuḍūʾ or tayammum from the start of the time for ẓuhr prayers. However, for a traveller [who must perform the four rakʿah prayers in their shortened form,] it is sufficient if there was time equivalent to obtaining ritual purity and performing a two rakʿah prayer.