The World Federation One Stop Fiqh
Search
Menu

Ruling 3

A mujtahid or the most learned can be identified in one of three ways:

  1. a duty-bound person (mukallaf)2 is certain himself [that someone is a mujtahid or the most learned]. For example, the person himself is a scholar and is able to identify a mujtahid and the most learned;
  2. two learned and dutiful people who are able to distinguish a mujtahid and the most learned confirm that someone is a mujtahid or the most learned, provided that two other learned and dutiful people do not disagree with their statement. In fact, being a mujtahid or the most learned is also established by even one expert (ahl al‐khibrah) whom one trusts;
  3. a mukallaf attains confidence (iṭmiʾnān) that a person is a mujtahid or the most learned by rational means. For example, a group of scholars who are able to distinguish a mujtahid and the most learned and from whose statements one gains confidence, confirm that someone is a mujtahid or the most learned.

2. A mukallaf is someone who is legally obliged to fulfil religious duties.

« | »