The World Federation One Stop Fiqh

Ruling 2593

A person who finds some property must announce it in such a way that were the owner to hear it he would deem it probable that the property belongs to him. This is something that varies from case to case. For example, sometimes it is sufficient for the person to say, ‘I have found something’. However, in some cases, the person must also specify the type of thing he has found; for example, he must say, ‘I have found a piece of gold’. And in some other cases, he must add some particulars; for example, he must say, ‘I have found a gold earring’. In any case, he must not mention all the particulars of the property in case it becomes individuated. Furthermore, he must make the announcement in a place where he deems it probable that news of it will reach the owner.