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Ruling 2538

If a husband is absent or if he comes under the rule (ḥukm) of being absent, the ʿiddah of a widow begins the moment the wife becomes aware of her husband’s death, not from the time of her husband’s death. However, with regard to a girl that has not reached the age of legal responsibility (bulūgh) or is insane, this rule is problematic (maḥall al‐ishkāl)1 and it is obligatory (wājib) to observe precaution in such a case.

1 As mentioned in Ruling 6, the term ‘problematic’ (maḥall al‐ishkāl) amounts to saying that the ruling is based on obligatory precaution.