The World Federation One Stop Fiqh

Ruling 2514

Being maḥram through breastfeeding is established in two ways:

1. by the report of someone, or some people, from whom one attains certainty (yaqīn) or confidence (iṭmiʾnān);

2. the testimony of two dutiful (ʿādil) men; however, they must describe the circumstances in which the child was breastfed. For example, they must say, ‘We have seen such and such child breastfeeding from the breasts of such and such woman for twenty-four hours, and the child did not eat anything during that period’. Similarly, they must also explain the other conditions that were mentioned in Ruling 2492. As for establishing that a child was breastfed by the testimony of one man and two women, or four women, all of whom are dutiful, this is problematic; therefore, precaution must be exercised here.