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Ruling 2465

A Muslim who leaves the religion of Islam and chooses to be a disbeliever is called an ‘apostate’ (murtadd). There are two types of apostates:

  1. fiṭrī’: this is someone whose father and mother, or one of them, were Muslim when he was born, and after he was able to discern between right and wrong (tamyīz) he remained a Muslim, and after that he became a disbeliever.

  2. millī’: this is someone who is the opposite [of a fiṭrī apostate; i.e. it refers to someone whose father and mother were disbelievers when he was born, and after he was able to discern between right and wrong he became a Muslim, and after that he became a disbeliever].