The World Federation Islamic Laws
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Ruling 2248

If an owner has an agreement with a farmer that an amount of the produce will belong to one of them and the rest of it will be divided between the two of them, the sharecropping is invalid (bāṭil), even if they know that after taking away that amount there will still be something left over. But, if they have an agreement to the effect that some of the seeds that have been planted or some of the tax that is taken by the government will be excepted from the produce and the rest of it will be divided between themselves, the sharecropping is valid.