The World Federation One Stop Fiqh

Ruling 2236

A reward is when a person offers to give something in return for a task performed for him. For example, he says, ‘Whoever finds my lost property, I will give him £100’. The person who makes such an offer is called the ‘offeror’ (jāʿil), and the one who performs the task is called the ‘worker’ (ʿāmil). There are a number of differences between a reward and hiring/renting (ijārah). Among these differences is that with hiring/renting, once the contract has been concluded, the hired person (ajīr) must perform the specified task, and the person who hired him owes him payment. However, with a reward, even though the worker may be a specific person, he can choose not to perform the task and until he does not perform it, the offeror does not owe him anything.