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Ruling 22

There are two ways to establish that a quantity of water is kurr:

  1. One is certain (i.e. he has yaqīn) or confident (i.e. he has iṭmiʾnān) about it;
  2. Two dutiful (ʿādil) men report it as so; however, if one dutiful or trust-worthy person or someone who has possession of the kurr water reports it as so, and if his report does not give one confidence as to it being true, then considering such a report as being credible is problematic (maḥall al‐ishkāl) [i.e. based on obligatory precaution (al‐iḥtiyāṭ al‐wājib), one must not consider the report to be credible].2

2As mentioned in Ruling 6, the term ‘problematic’ (maḥall al‐ishkāl) amounts to saying that the ruling is based on obligatory precaution.