The World Federation One Stop Fiqh

Ruling 1971

A person must give zakat with the intention of qurbah, i.e. in humility to Allah the Exalted. If he gives zakat without the intention of qurbah, it is sufficient [in the sense that he will be deemed as having given the zakat that was obligatory for him], although he will have sinned. Furthermore, he must specify in his intention whether what he is giving is zakat on property or zakāt al‑fiṭrah.10 In fact, if, for example, zakat on wheat and barley is obligatory for him and he wants to pay a sum of money equal to the value of the zakat on them, he must specify whether he is giving zakat that is due on the wheat or barley.

10 The rules concerning zakāt al‐fiṭrah are mentioned in Ruling 2003 and onwards.