The World Federation One Stop Fiqh

Ruling 1946

One can give zakat to a person who was previously poor and who says he is poor now even if he does not attain confidence (iṭmiʾnān) in his statement. However, based on obligatory precaution, one cannot give zakat to a person about whom it is not known whether or not he was previously poor [and who says he continues to be poor] until he attains confidence about him being poor.