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Ruling 1923

In addition to the conditions mentioned previously, the zakat of camels, cows, and sheep has one more condition: that the animal must graze in open fields for the entire year. Therefore, if during the entire year or part of the year it grazes on pre-cut grass, or it grazes on crops belonging to its owner or someone else, then it is not liable for zakat. However, if during the entire year the animal grazes on only a small amount of the owner’s grass such that it can be commonly said that the animal has grazed the entire year in open fields, then zakat on it becomes obligatory. Furthermore, with regard to camels, cows, and sheep, it is not a condition that they must not have worked during the entire year; rather, zakat on them is obligatory if they are used for irrigation, ploughing, and similar work as long as it can be commonly said that they have not worked. In fact, even if this cannot be said, based on obligatory precaution, zakat on them must be paid.