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Ruling 1912

There are two niṣābs for gold.

  1. Twenty legal (sharʿī) mithqāls.5 A legal mithqāl is eighteen nukhuds.6 Therefore, when gold reaches the weight of twenty legal mithqāls – which is equivalent to fifteen common (ṣayrafī) mithqāls – and if the other conditions that were mentioned are fulfilled, one must pay one-fortieth [2.5%] – which is equivalent to nine nukhuds as zakat. As long as gold does not reach this amount, zakat is not obligatory on it.
  2. Four legal mithqāls, which is equivalent to three common mithqāls, meaning that if three [common] mithqāls are added to fifteen [common] mithqāls, one must pay zakat on the entire eighteen mithqāls, which is equivalent to one-fortieth [2.5%]; and if less than three mithqāls is added, he must pay zakat on only fifteen mithqāls [which was the first niṣāb mentioned above], and the extra is not liable for zakat. The same applies to every other addition, meaning that if three mithqāls are added, one must pay zakat on the entire amount; and if less than three mithqāls is added, the added amount is not liable for zakat.

5 One legal mithqāl is equivalent to approximately 3.51 grams; therefore, twenty legal mithqāls is equal to approximately 70.2 grams.

6 A nukhud is a measure of weight. One nukhud is equivalent to approximately 0.195 grams.