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Ruling 177

Earth purifies the sole of one’s foot or shoe on four conditions:

  1. The earth is pure;
  2. The earth is dry;
  3. Based on obligatory precaution, the impurity has come onto the sole of one’s foot or shoe from the earth;
  4. An intrinsic impurity – such as blood and urine – or an object that has become impure – such as mud that has become impure and is on the sole of one’s foot or shoe – is removed by walking or by rubbing the foot on earth; and in the event that the intrinsic impurity had previously been removed, then based on obligatory precaution the sole of one’s foot or shoe does not become pure by walking or by rubbing the foot on earth. Furthermore, the earth must be of soil, stone, brick, or something similar; therefore, walking on a rug, ḥaṣīr, and on grass does not purify the impure sole of one’s foot or shoe.