The World Federation One Stop Fiqh

Ruling 1735

Arguing about worldly or religious matters while one is performing iʿtikāf is unlawful if it is done with the intention of defeating the other person or showing off one’s virtues and superiority. However, if it is done with the intention of making evident what is right, clarifying what is true, and resolving an error or mistake made by the other party, not only is it not unlawful but it is one of the best forms of worship. Therefore, the criterion [of whether such action is unlawful or not] is the intention of the muʿtakif.