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Ruling 1672

If due to illness one does not fast in Ramadan and his illness continues until the Ramadan of the following year, it is not obligatory on him to make up the fasts he did not keep; and for each day he must give one mudd (approximately 750 grams) of food – i.e. wheat, barley, bread, or suchlike – to a poor person.11 However, if one does not fast because of another legitimate excuse – for example, he was travelling – and his excuse remains valid until the following Ramadan, he must make up the fasts that he did not keep; and the obligatory precaution is that for each day, he must also give one mudd of food to a poor person.

11  This type of compensative payment is known as fidyah.