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Ruling 143

Water makes an impure object pure provided that four conditions are met:

  1. The water must be unmixed; therefore, mixed water such as rose water and willow essence do not make an impure object pure;
  2. The water must be pure;
  3. The water must not turn into mixed water when an impure object is washed in it; and in cases where only one wash is required,18 the water must not attain the smell, colour, or taste of the impurity. However, in other cases, there is no problem if the water changes; for example, if a person washes an object with kurr or qalīl water and it is necessary to wash that object twice,19 then even if the water changes in the first wash and in the second wash he purifies the object with water that does not change, the object becomes pure;
  4. After washing an impure object, small particles of the intrinsic impurity must not remain on the object. Purifying an impure object with qalīl water – i.e. water that is less than kurr – has other conditions, which will be mentioned later.

18 See, for example, Ruling 156.

19 See, for example, Ruling 153.