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Ruling 1419

If a person joins in the second rakʿah, it is not necessary that he recites Sūrat al-Ḥamd and the other surah; however, he will follow the imam in qunūt and tashahhud with the imam. And the obligatory precaution is that when he says tashahhud he must sit [in a squatted position] such that his fingers and the balls of his feet are on the ground and his knees are off the ground, and after tashahhud he must stand up with the imam and recite Sūrat al-Ḥamd and the other surah; if he does not have enough time to recite the other surah, he must complete Sūrat al-Ḥamd and perform his rukūʿ with the imam; and if he does not have enough time to recite all of Sūrat al-Ḥamd, he can discontinue reciting it and perform rukūʿ with the imam. However, the recommended precaution in this situation is that he should complete his prayer with the intention of performing it on his own.