The World Federation One Stop Fiqh

Ruling 1306

If a town’s location happens to be elevated such that its residents can be seen from around it, or, if it happens to be in a depression such that if one went a short distance away from it he would not see its residents, then, if a resident of that town travels and reaches a distance such that had the town’s location been at ground level he would not be able to see its residents, he must perform qaṣr prayers. Similarly, if the elevation or depression of the road he is travelling on is more than what is normal, he must take into account a normal type of road [in determining whether he must perform qaṣr or tamām prayers].