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Ruling 1086

In the second rakʿah of all obligatory and recommended prayers, and in the third rakʿah of maghrib prayers, and in the fourth rakʿah of ẓuhr, ʿaṣr and ʿishāʾ prayers, one must sit [in a kneeling type of position] after the second sajdah; and while his body is still, he must say tashahhud, i.e.:

أَشْهَدُ أَن لَّا إِلٰهَ إِلاَّ اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِیكَ لَهُ، وَ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَ رَسُولُهُ، اَللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَّ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ

ashhadu al lā ilāha illal lāhu waḥdahu lā sharīka lah, wa ashhadu anna muḥammadan ʿabduhu wa rasūluh, allāhumma ṣalli ʿalā muḥammadiw wa āli muḥammad

And it is sufficient for one to say:

أَشْهَدُ أَن لَّا إِلٰهَ إِلاَّ اللهُ، وَ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا صَلَّی اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ آلِهِ
عَبْدُهُ وَ رَسُولُهُ

ashhadu al lā ilāha illal lāh, wa ashhadu anna muḥammadan ṣallal lāhu ʿalayhi wa ālihi ʿabduhu wa rasūluh

Tashahhud is also necessary in the witr prayer.35

35 This is the one rakʿah prayer that is performed as part of the night prayer. See Ruling 752.