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Ruling 1077

The following things are recommended when performing sajdah:

1. Saying takbīr before going into sajdah. For someone who performs prayers standing, this should be performed after he has raised his head from rukūʿ and has stood perfectly straight; and for someone who performs prayers sitting, this should be performed after he has sat perfectly upright;

2. When one wants to go into sajdah, a man should place his hands on the ground first and a woman her knees first;

3 .One should also place his nose on a turbah or on something on which it is permitted to perform sajdah;

4. When in sajdah, one should join his fingers together and place them in line with his ears such that the tips of his fingers face qibla;

5. One should supplicate in sajdah and seek from Allah that He fulfils his needs (ḥājāt), and he should recite this duʿāʾ:

یَا خَیْـرَ الْمَسْـــــــئُولِینَ وَ یَا خـَـــیْـرَ الْمُعْطِینَ، اُرْزُقْنِي وَ ارْزُقْ عِیَاِلي مِنْ فَضْلِكَ، فَإِنَّكَ ذُو الْفَضْلِ الْعَظِیمِ

yā khayral masʾūlīn wa yā khayral muʿṭīn, urzuqnī war zuq ʿiyālī min faḍlik, faʾinnaka dhūl faḍlil ʿaẓīm

O the Best of those who are Asked, and O the Best Giver! Grant me sustenance and grant my family sustenance with Your grace, for indeed, You are the Possessor of Great Grace;

6. After sajdah, one should sit with his weight placed on his left thigh and he should place the top part of his right foot on the sole of his left foot;

7. After each sajdah, when one sits and his body is still, he should say takbīr;

8. After the first sajdah, when one’s body is still, he should say:

أَسْتَـغْفِرُ اللهَ رَبِّي وَ أَتُوبُ إِلَیْهِ

astaghfirul lāha rabbī wa atūbu ilayh

One should prolong his sajdah, and when sitting, he should place his hands on his thighs;

Before going into the second sajdah, one should say allāhu akbar while his body is still;

9. One should invoke blessings upon Prophet Muḥammad (Ṣ) and his progeny (ṣalawāt) in sajdah;

10. When getting up, one should lift his hands from the ground after lifting his knees;

11. Men should not make their elbows touch the ground; also, they should keep their stomachs raised higher from the ground (compared to women) and keep their arms detached from their sides. Women should place their elbows on the ground, keep their stomachs closer to the ground, and keep their limbs joined to one another.

Other recommended acts of sajdah are mentioned in more detailed books.