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Ruling 1003

It is recommended that in the first rakʿah before reciting Sūrat al-Ḥamd, one says:

أَعُوذُ بِاللهِ مِنَ الشَّیْطَانِ الرَّجِیمِ

aʿūdhu billāhi minash shayṭānir rajīm

I seek refuge in Allah from the outcast Satan.

And [it is recommended that] in the first and second rakʿahs of ẓuhr and ʿaṣr prayers, one recites ‘bismillāh’ aloud, and recites Sūrat al-Ḥamd and the other surah distinctly, and pauses at the end of every verse – i.e. he does not join it with the next verse – and while reciting Sūrat al-Ḥamd and the other surah, [it is recommended that] he pays attention to the meaning of the verses. Furthermore, if he is performing prayers in congregation, then after the Imam has completed the recitation of Sūrat al-Ḥamd, or, if he is performing prayers on his own, after he has completed the recitation of Sūrat al-Ḥamd, [it is recommended that] he says:

الْحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ رَبِّ‏ الْعَالَمِينَ

alḥamdu lillāhi rabbil ʿālamīn

All praise is for Allah, Lord of the worlds.

…and after completing the recitation of Sūrat al-Ikhlāṣ, [it is recommended that] he either says:

كَذٰلِكَ اللهُ رَبِّي

kadhālikal lāhu rabbi

Such is Allah my Lord.

…or:

كَذٰلِكَ اللهُ رَبُّـنَا

kadhālikal lāhu rabbunā

Such is Allah our Lord.

…once, twice, or three times. And [it is also recommended that] after reciting the other surah, he should pause for a short while and then say the takbīr before rukūʿ or qunūt.