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Ritual 139

The rituals involved in the two optional pilgrimages, Mufradah and Tamatu” can be the same, and this will be discussed late, as well as vary, such as:

1.in Umrat-ul-Mufradah, it is obligatory to perform Tawafun Nisa but it is not obligatory in Umrat-ut-Tamatu’;

2. Umrat-ut-Tamatu’ can only be performed during the season of obligatory pilgrimage, namely, Shawwal, Thil Qa’dah and Thil Hijjah, whereas it is permissible to perform the Umrat-ul-Mufradah during all the months of the year, preferably in Rajab;

3. in Umrat-ut-Tamatu’, the ihram can be removed only after Taqseer, while in Umrat-ul-Mufradah it can be removed after taqseer or shaving the head, and the latter is better;

4. it is obligatory to perform Umrat-ut-Tamatu’ and obligatory pilgrimage in the same year, but that is not the rule for Umrat-ul-Mufradah. If Hajj-ul-Ifraad and Umrat-ul-Ifraad have become obligatory on a person, it is permissible for him to perform the Hajj-ul-Ifraad in one year and the Umrat-ul-Ifraad in the other year;

5. in Umrat-ul-Mufradah, if a person deliberately had a sexual intercourse with his wife before sa’y, his pilgrimage becomes invalidated; he shall be required to perform it again, that is to stay in Makkah to the following month to perform it. However, if he does so during Umrat-ut-Tamatu” it is doubtful if it would be invalidated and the better view is that it will not be affected as will be discussed in Rule 220.