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What is the correct way for making dua?


Assalamualikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Baraktu.

Are personal duas in our own language (if we dont speak Arabic) supposed to be made before tasleem or after tasleem (after concluding the salaah)? if it has to be before tasleem or if the duas before tasleem must be from the Quran or Ahaadith, can we use our phone after the tashahud and before the tasleem for duas, as we haven’t memorized? or are we only allowed to use phone after tasleem, after concluding salaah? And in sujood can we make personal duas in our own language and make it as long as we want?

I have been asking around and getting different answers to these questions. A sheikh (I dont know if it’s okay for me to say who this sheikh is) said it is innovation to make dua after every fard salaah. He said duas are supposed to be made in salaah (either in sujood and/or before tasleem) and after tasleem (after concluding the salaah) is time for dhikr. And he said we are allowed to make personal duas in our own language in sujood. But another shaykh and a mufti (again I dont know if its okay for me to name them) said only duas from the Quran and Ahaadith are allowed to be made in salaah and this goes for in sujood. They both said personal duas in our own language are supposed to be made after after tasleem( after concluding the salaah). The mufti said in sujood for fard salaah the masnoon tasbeehs should suffice. Which are the correct opinions? InshaAllah these questions make sense.


Al-Salam Alaykum

According to Shia scholar Ayatollah Sayyid Sistani Dua in Qunoot in other languages would be ok but in Qunoot you should at least have one Arabic Dua.

Also there are many Duas narrated from Prophet for After Salt and Salam, such as

اَللّهُمَّ اِنَّ مَغْفِرَتَكَ اَرْجى مِنْ عَمَلى وَاِنَّ رَحْمَتَكَ اَوْسَعُ مِنْ ذَنْبى

اَللّهُمَّ اِنْ كانَ ذَنْبى عِنْدَكَ عَظيما فَعَفْوُكَ اَعْظَمُ مِنْ ذَنْبى

اَللّهُمَّ اِنْ لَمْ اَكُنْ اَهْلا اَنْ تَرْحَمَنى فَرَحْمَتُكَ اَهْلٌ اَنْ تَبْلُغَنى وَتَسَعَنى

لاَِنَّها وَسِعَتْ كُلَّ شَىْءٍ بِرَحْمَتِكَ يا اَرْحَمَ الرّحِمينَ

So, it is not innovation.

Best Regards!
Sayyid Madani