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What is eid e ghadeer?


What is eid e ghadeer?

When do Shia’s celebrate eid ghadeer?


Salamun Alaykum

Thank you for your query.

Ghadir is celebrated on 18th Dhul-Hijjah. Why it is celebrated, is because it is one of the Big Eids. The day when officially all people were made aware of the successor of Prophet Muhammad(s.a.w.w). Prophet had informed others to follow Imam Ali(as) even before the event of Ghadir, but Ghadir was the hujjat so no one can run away from not being aware of the Wilayat of Ali ibn Abi Talib.

Eid al-Ghadir is specified as an Eid by Shia Ahadith. That is, Shias do not independently decide “let’s celebrate Eid al-Ghadir” or “let’s call the Day of Ghadir an Eid”, but rather it is specified in hadith as an important Eid, and in fact the most important Eid(عید الله اکبر).

However, Sunni hadith do not specify the day of Ghadir as an ‘Eid. There is a narration in in Tarikh Baghdad which speaks of the “Day of Ghadir” and recommends fasting on that day but doesn’t mention it as Eid(vol. 8, p. 284).

Ten years after the migration, the Messenger of Allah ordered to his close followers to call all the people in different places to join him in his last pilgrimage. On this pilgrimage he taught them how to perform the pilgrimage in a correct and unified form. This was first time that the Muslims with this magnitude gathered in one place in the presence of their leader, the Messenger of Allah. On his way to Mecca, more than seventy thousand people followed Prophet (S). On the fourth day of Dhul-Hajjah more than one hundred thousand Muslims had entered Mecca.

On the 18th of Dhul-Hajjah, after completing his last pilgrimage (Hajjatul-Widaa), Prophet was leaving Mecca toward Medina, where he and the crowd of people reached to a place called Ghadir Khum (which is close to today’s Juhfah). It was a place where people from different provinces should say Good bye to each other and take different routes for their home. In this place, the following verse was revealed:

“O Apostle! Deliver what has been sent down to you from your Lord; and if you don’t do it, you have not delivered His message (at all); and Allah will protect you from the people …”(Surah Maida/67).

Upon receiving the verse, the Prophet (S) stopped on that place (the pond of Khum) which was extremely hot. Then he sent for all people who have been ahead in the way, to come back and waited until all pilgrims who fell behind, arrived and gathered.

He ordered Salman (ra) to use rocks and camel saddles to make a pulpit (minbar) so he could make his announcement. It was around noon time in the first of the Fall, and due to the extreme heat in that valley, people were wrapping their robes around their feet and legs, and were sitting around the pulpit, on the hot rocks.

Then the Messenger of Allah continued: “Do I not have more right over the believers than what they have over themselves?”People cried and answered: “Yes, O’ Messenger of God.”Then Prophet (S) held up the hand of ‘Ali and said: “Whoever I am his leader (Mawla), ‘Ali is his leader (Mawla). O’ God, love those who love him, and be hostile to those who are hostile to him.”

ألَسْتُ أولى بالمؤمنين من أنفسهم؟ قالوا بلى يارسول الله. قال: من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه. اللهم وال من والاه و عاد من عاداه.

After his speech, the Messenger of Allah asked every body to give the oath of allegiance to ‘Ali (as) and congratulate him. Among those who gave him the oath were Umar, Abu Bakr, and Uthman. It is narrated that Umar and

Abu Bakr said:

“Well done Ibn Abi Talib! Today you became the leader (Mawla) of all believing men and women.”

For more details and references from our Sunni brothers’ books, please visit:

You can also read about Ghadir from some of the below mentioned links:


Verses of Ghadir:

Forty Ahadith on Ghadir:

May Allah(swt) grant you success


Syed Haider