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The question is why everyone has to go to hell first?


Salam Alikum

In Surah Maryam  verse 71, Allah says everyone will pass by hell first. We separate the ones with good deed.
From the others.
The question is why everyone has to go to hell first?
Looking forward to hearing from you.


Wa Alaykumussalam

Thank you for your question

Not all people who go through hell will suffer. For example, the guards of Hell, who are commissioned and commanded by God to do this, or the good people will not be harmed by the fire of Hell as some of the other verses explain it:
Surah Ghafir/49:

وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ فِي النَّارِ لِخَزَنَةِ جَهَنَّمَ ادْعُوا رَبَّكُمْ يُخَفِّفْ عَنَّا يَوْمًا مِنَ الْعَذَابِ 

And those who are in the fire shall say to the keepers of hell: Call upon your Lord that He may lighten to us one day of the punishment.

Surah Tahrim/6:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا قُوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ وَأَهْلِيكُمْ نَارًا وَقُودُهَا النَّاسُ وَالْحِجَارَةُ عَلَيْهَا مَلَائِكَةٌ غِلَاظٌ شِدَادٌ لَا يَعْصُونَ اللَّهَ مَا أَمَرَهُمْ وَيَفْعَلُونَ مَا يُؤْمَرُونَ 

O you who believe! save yourselves and your families from a fire whose fuel is men and stones; over it are angels stern and strong, they do not disobey Allah in what He commands them, and do as they are commanded.

Surah Ambiya/101:

إنَّ الَّذِينَ سَبَقَتْ لَهُمْ مِنَّا الْحُسْنَى أُولَئِكَ عَنْهَا مُبْعَدُونَ

Surely (as for) those for whom the good has already gone forth from Us, they shall be kept far off from it;

What contradicts the Lord’s promise to keep people of faith away from torment is only torment and punishment in hell, not passing through it, and the verse that everyone enters hell does not mean that people of faith will suffer the least harm from it rather there are narrations that prove the opposite:

The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.w) said in regards to this verse: When the people of Paradise will enter Paradise, a group of them will say to others: Did not our Lord promise that we would enter Hell first ?! In response, they will be told: You passed it and it was silent! (Faidh Kashani, Nawadir-al-Akhbar, page 367 & ibne Arabi, Tafsir of Ibne Arabi, volume 2, page 13)

Imam Sadiq (as) also says in this regard: Have you not heard that they say that we passed through the water well of a certain tribe, but in fact they did not pass through the well itself, but passed by it. This verse is similar to this example. (Ali bin Ibrahim Qummi, Tafsir Qummi, volume 2, page 52)

Sheikh Saduq, who was familiar with Islamic sources, concludes by narrating that entering hell means crossing the path, which is like a bridge to hell and everyone must cross it. (Sheikh Saduq, I’teqadat-al-Imamiyyah, page 70)
It is natural that crossing the bridge over hell will not be like entering hell, although it can be said with a little tolerance that one has crossed hell, just as a person crossing the bridge of Nile but drops of water haven’t touched him, he can say that I have crossed the Nile river.

Accordingly, there is no conflict between this verse and the narrations that mention the direct entry of the martyrs into Paradise; Because the meaning of these narrations is that the martyrs and… will enter Paradise without seeing the slightest torment in Hell.

Hence, we can conclude that all the souls will not feel the fire while passing from the bridge towards the Hell or Paradise especially the pure souls of Prophets and Imams and those who have not committed sin but the sinful people may or would feel it.

May Allah (swt) protect us from Hell and it’s fire and give us Tawfiq to fulfill our duties and become a better Muslim and be amongst the chosen ones.


Syed Haider