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Sacrificing An Animal (Hajj)

Q:

Why do muslims have to do qurbani while they don’t go to hajj? Is it wajib for them? Is it only a tradition? What does the quran say about it? Shouldn’t we preserve the animals? Wouldn’t it be better if only those who perform hajj do qurbani?

A:

Bismillah ArRahman ArRaheem 

As Salaamun Alaykum,  
The answer will be presented as two – one for those who perform hajj and one for thow who do not.
 
For those who perform hajj:
Qurbani during hajj is a ritual prescribed by the religion of Islam and is a requirement in order to complete your obligations towards your Creator when performing the Hajj rites.  With out it, you are unable to complete the ceremony and there are consequences that will then follow.
 
Yes, it is wajib for them.
It is not only a tradition, but an obligation.
The Holy Qur’an is clear with regards to the offering of sacrifice.  for example see 2:196.
The animals were created for this purpose.  So the use of the animals to offer them as a sacrifice fulfills the purpose of their creation.  
 
For those who are not performing hajj:
It is not wajib, but it is highly recommended and the recommendation has been emphasised to offer sacrifices to those who are able to during this time, and if not able to for example find a sacrificial animal, offer its value.  A whole family can offer one animal, and if the values are different it suffices to sacrifice the lesser amounts.
There are also rules as to the minimum ages of the animal (for example minimum two years for a cow or goat, 7 months for sheep, and five years for camel), types of animals (listed previously), and it is permissible to keep one third to feed ones own family, a third for Muslims, and a third (as a best precaution) for the poor.
 
It is also recommended to give the skin as a charity and not recommended to sell it.
See Q1 here: https://www.sistani.org/arabic/qa/0271/page/2/#2968 (Arabic).
 
So in answer to your questions, it is a highly and emphasised recommended tradition to do so if not on hajj, and the rest of the questions are as for those on hajj.
 
S.L. Al-Hakim